The Kavli Prize honors scientists for breakthroughs in astrophysics, nanoscience and neuroscience that transform our understanding of the very big, the very small and the very complex. Since the first awards in 2008, the Kavli Prize has recognized innovative scientific research – from the discovery of CRISPR-Cas9 to the detection of gravitational waves.
Presented every two years, each of three international prizes consists of $1 million USD. Kavli Prize Laureates are selected by the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters and are celebrated in Oslo, Norway, in a ceremony presided over by the Royal Family, where they receive gold medals for their achievements.
The vision for the Kavli Prize comes from Fred Kavli, a Norwegian-American, who turned his lifelong fascination with science into a lasting legacy for recognizing scientific breakthroughs and for supporting basic research.
|“I have never met a bigger optimist. His belief in the importance of science for advances for humanity makes him a model for all of us. He looked forward.” - Trond Fevolden, secretary-general, Norwegian Ministry of Education, 1992-2016|
In 2005, the Kavli Prize was established in partnership with The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters and The Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research. Fred Kavli selected the fields of astrophysics, nanoscience and neuroscience because he believed them to be exceptionally interesting and exciting, and that they would have great benefits to science and society. “The fields have longevity and I don’t believe that we will ever run out of questions in these fields.”
The Kavli Prize was established to recognize outstanding scientific research, honor highly creative scientists, promote public understanding of scientists and their work, and foster international cooperation among scientists.
The Kavli Prizes have so far honored 47 scientists from eleven countries − the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, France, Netherlands, Lithuania, Japan, Norway, Russia, Sweden and Switzerland.
The most recent 2018 laureates include (Netherlands) who received the Kavli Prize in Astrophysics “for her combined contributions to observational, theoretical, and laboratory astrochemistry, elucidating the life cycle of interstellar clouds and the formation of stars and planets”. (France), (U.S.) and (Lithuania) shared the Kavli Prize in Nanoscience “for the invention of CRISPR-Cas9, a precise nanotool for editing DNA, causing a revolution in biology, agriculture, and medicine”; and (U.S.), (U.S.) and (France) shared the Kavli Prize in Neuroscience “for their pioneering work on the molecular and neural mechanisms of hearing.”
Past awards have honored scientists for research ranging from the discovery of the Kuiper Belt to creating unprecedented methods for controlling matter on the nanoscale, to deepening our understanding of the basic neuronal mechanisms underlying perception and decision-making.
The Kavli Prizes recognize seminal scientific achievements in astrophysics, nanoscience and neuroscience.
The Kavli Prize in Astrophysics is awarded for outstanding achievement in advancing our knowledge and understanding of the origin, evolution and properties of the universe, including the fields of cosmology, astrophysics, astronomy, planetary science, solar physics, space science, astrobiology, astronomical and astrophysical instrumentation, and particle astrophysics.
The Kavli Prize in Nanoscience is awarded for outstanding achievement in the science and application of the unique physical, chemical and biological properties of atomic, molecular, macromolecular, and cellular structures and systems that are manifest in the nanometer scale, including molecular self-assembly, nanomaterials, nanoscale instrumentation, nanobiotechnology, macromolecular synthesis, molecular mechanics and related topics.
The Kavli Prize in Neuroscience is awarded for outstanding achievement in advancing our knowledge and understanding of the brain and nervous system, including molecular neuroscience, cellular neuroscience, systems neuroscience, neurogenetics, developmental neuroscience, cognitive neuroscience, computational neuroscience, and related facets of the brain and nervous system.
Selection of the Kavli Laureates
The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters appoints the three prize committees after receiving recommendations from the following international academies and equivalent scientific organizations:
- The Chinese Academy of Science
- The French Academy of Sciences
- The Max Planck Society (Germany)
- The National Academy of Sciences (US)
- The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters
- The Royal Society (UK)
The prize committees review the nominated candidates and submit their recommendations to the board of The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. The President of the Academy announces the prize winners in late May or early June every other even-numbered year.
Roles and Responsibilities of the three Kavli Prize partners
All three Kavli Prize partners cooperate in the planning and implementation of all global Kavli Prize events. Distinct roles for the Prizes partners include:
The Norwegian Academy of Science & Letters’ Role
The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters is responsible for administering the Kavli Prize Week in Oslo, Norway, the Kavli Prize Selection Committees and the announcement of the Kavli Prize Laureates.
Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research’s Role
The Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research hosts the Kavli Prize Banquet and provides funding to The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters for the administration of the Kavli Prizes.
The Kavli Foundation’s Role
The Kavli Foundation is responsible for providing the award money and gold medals to the Kavli Prize Laureates and for publicizing the awards and the Laureates.