On October 31, Kavli Prize Laureates Thomas W. Ebbesen and Alan H. Guth presented their Lectures at Kokuyo Hall in Tokyo. This event was co-sponsored by the Royal Norwegian Embassy, The Kavli Foundation, and the University of Tokyo.
Lecture by Dr. Thomas W. Ebbesen
Thomas W. Ebbesen
2014 Laureate in Nanoscience
ISIS & USIAS, University of Strasbourg and CNRS, France
Light, Metal and Tiny Holes
Dr. Ebbesen discussed how materials structured on the nanometer scale can lead to improved and sometimes surprising properties. "Metals are no exception to this rule. The presence of tiny holes in an opaque film can lead to a variety of unexpected optical properties such as strongly enhanced transmission and filtering. Such intriguing properties are due to the interaction of light with electronic resonances which can be controlled by structuring the metal at the subwavelength scale. It opens exciting new possibilities ranging from subwavelength optics and opto-electronics to molecular sensing and biophysics."
Lecture by Dr. Alan H. Guth
Alan H. Guth
2014 Laureate in Astrophysics
MIT Department of Physics
Inflationary Cosmology: Is Our Universe Part of a Multiverse?
Dr. Guth explained the basics of how inflation works, emphasizing how inflation can account for a number of features of the observed universe. "An interesting feature of inflation is that almost all versions of it lead to eternal inflation: once inflation starts, it goes on forever, producing a 'multiverse' of 'pocket universes,' one of which would be our universe. The multiverse idea is speculative, but I will explain why I believe it should be taken seriously."